The Supreme Court returns to work Monday and faces a blockbuster docket

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Supreme Court returns to work Monday facing a blockbuster docket, as it roars back from last year’s unusually low-key term.

Objections to same-sex marriage, state regulation of sports betting, the privacy of cellphone users and limits on political partisanship dominate the court’s agenda.

“There’s only one prediction that’s entirely safe about the upcoming term,” Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg said at Georgetown University’s law school late last month. “And that is it will be momentous.”

The court was to hear a showdown over President Trump’s travel ban, but the courtroom argument scheduled for Oct. 10 was canceled after the White House issued new visa restrictions on Sept. 24. On Thursday, lawyers for both sides will tell the court what they think should be done with the challenges to the president’s authority to issue the executive order.

Here are some of the issues up before the highest court in the land this term:

Opposition to same-sex weddings

Same-sex marriage is at the heart of a case brought by a Colorado baker who refused to provide a custom cake for a gay couple’s wedding reception because it would violate his religious principles. That ran afoul of a Colorado law that forbids businesses from discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation.

The baker, Jack Phillips of Masterpiece Cakeshop, said his cakes are works of art and the state law compels him to express a view he opposes. “I don’t want to be forced to create art, sculpting, painting, any of the things that I do for an event that goes against my faith.”

But the couple he turned away, Charlie Craig and David Mullins, say there’s no religious exception to laws against discrimination.

“Could a hotel owner turn away an interracial couple because his religion believed that people shouldn’t marry outside their race?” Mullins asks.

State-approved sports betting

New Jersey’s governor, Chris Christie, is urging the court to rule that the federal government cannot prevent his state from allowing sports betting at casinos and racetracks, where it would generate millions in tax revenue. Professional sports leagues and the NCAA say in response that a federal law bans sports betting in most states.

Cellphone privacy

At a time when 95 percent of Americans own a cellphone, the court will decide whether the police need a search warrant to plot the movements of a phone’s user, by analyzing data the phone companies collect as roving calls are handed off to successive cell towers.

Lower courts have generally said police don’t need a warrant, relying on a Supreme Court ruling four decades ago. It said telephone customers don’t expect that the numbers they dial will remain private, since the phone company needs the information for billing. The court will decide whether that reasoning should apply in the digital age, when phones are no longer hard-wired into the wall.

Nathan Wessler of the ACLU said police should be required to get a warrant from a judge before accessing the data.

“Knowing where a person’s phone goes can tell you a great deal of private information about them, from where someone slept at night, whether at home, or in someone else’s house three miles away, to whether someone goes to a doctor, a psychiatrist.”

Compulsory union fees

In a case that could deal a crippling blow to unions representing millions of the nation’s public employees, the justices will decide whether state government workers who choose not to join a union must still pay a share of union dues to cover the cost of negotiating contracts. At stake is the future power and financial health of public sector unions in the 22 states where they have a duty to bargain for both members and nonmembers alike.

Image: State Government Workers Union Dues

Powered by WPeMatico